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Dictators Wiki

Types of dictatorships

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MonarchyEdit

Dictators who like to have titles such as King and Emperor to make themselves feel royal and to establish an empire. Africa

  • Jean-Bédel Bokassa - Central African Republic 1966–1979 Made himself Emperor and established the Central African Empire.

North America

  • Agustín de Iturbide - Mexico 1822-1823

Caribbean

  • Jean-Jacques Dessalines - Haiti 1804-1806
  • Henry Christophe - Northern Haiti 1806-1820

Far East Asia

  • Yuan Shikai - Republic of China 1912–1916 First president of China. Attempted to bring back a Chinese Dynasty.

Europe

  • Napoleon Bonaparte - France 1799-1814 First Consul of France and than emperor later on.
  • Charles Louis Napoléon Bonaparte - France 1848-1870 Nephew of Napoleon Bonaparte. Sought to re-established the Napoleon monarchy
  • Tsar Boris III Bulgaria 1934-1943 Tsar of Bulgaria. Established a counter-coup after previous coup.
  • Ahmet Bej Zogu - Albania 1925-1939 Elected president but crowned himself King because the people weren't used to a president.
  • Alexander I - Yugoslavia 1929-1934 A Regent to become the first King oF Yugoslavia.
  • Carol II - Romania 1938-1940 Hereditary reign, but transferred power from constitutional to absolute-monarchy.

NationalismEdit

Dictators who promote a Nationalist form of dictatorship sometimes including Fascism, Nazism, Religious Identity and even Progressivism. North America

  • Woodrow Wilson - United States 1913-1921 Very Progressive president. The first president in 20th century to establish what fascism basically is and Benito Mussolini even admitted he adopted some of policies.

Caribbean

  • Gerardo Machado - Cuba 1925-1933 A huge supporter of Benito Mussolini.

Europe

  • Benito Mussolini - Italy 1922-1945 Sole founder of Fascism.
  • Aleksandar Tsankov - Bulgaria 1923-1926
  • Engelbert Dollfuss - Austria 1933–1934 Austrian Nationalist form of Fascism.
  • José Mendes Cabeçadas - Portugal 1926
  • Gomes da Costa - Portugal 1926
  • António Óscar Carmona - Portugal 1926-1928 Adopted Portuguese Nationalism and a form of a Catholic Clergy.
  • Antanas Smetona - Lithuania 1926–1940 Lithuanian Nationalist.
  • António de Oliveira Salazar - Portugal 1928–1968
  • Konstantin Päts - Estonia 1933–1940
  • Adolf Hitler - Germany 1933-1945 Adopted Mussolini's Fascism and added racism and anti-semitism and formed Nazism.
  • Kārlis Ulmanis - Latvia 1934–1940
  • Kurt Schuschnigg - Austria 1934–1938
  • Ioannis Metaxas - Greece 1936–1941 Greek Nationalism. Considered a Quasi-Fascist rather than complete Fascist.
  • Francisco Franco - Spain 1936–1975 Ultra religious Spanish Nationalist.
  • Jozef Tiso - Slovakia 1939–1945
  • Ion Antonescu - Romania 1940–1944
  • Philippe Pétain - Vichy France 1940–1944 Huge supporter of Adolf Hitler.
  • Ante Pavelić - Croatia 1941–1945 Croatian nationalist.
  • Ferenc Szálasi - Hungary 1944-1945
  • Marcelo Caetano - Portugal 1968–1974

CommunismEdit

Dictators who proclaim Marxism-Leninisms commonly called Communism. Includes both alighned and non-alighned with the USSR. Africa

  • José Eduardo dos Santos - Angola 1979-current Abandoned Communist ideology after the Cold War.
  • Mohamed Siad Barre - Somalia 1969–1991
  • Mengistu Haile Mariam - Ethiopia 1974–1991

Caribbean

  • Fidel Castro - Cuba 1959-2006
  • Raúl Castro - Cuba 2006-current
  • East Asia
  • Horloogiyn Choybalsan - Mongolia 1936–1952 Soviet-satellite for the former USSR.
  • Kim Il-sung - North Korea 1948–1994
  • Ho Chi Minh - North Vietnam 1945-1969
  • Mao Zedong - People's Republic of China 1949–1976
  • Pol Pot - Democratic Kampuchea 1975–1979 Extremist radical communist.
  • Khamtai Siphandon - Laos 1992–2006
  • Kim Jong-il - North Korea 1994–current

Eastern Europe

  • Vladimir Lenin - USSR 1917-1924 Put Marxism into action and established Marxism-Leninism often called Communists.
  • Josef Stalin - USSR 1924–1953 Radical Communist who seized power after Lenin's death.
  • Josip Broz Tito - Yugoslavia 1944–1980 Independent and did not comply with the USSR.
  • Enver Hoxha - Albania 1944-1985 Indenpendent. Broke off relations with the USSR due to Sino-Soviet-Split.
  • Mátyás Rákosi - Hungary 1949-1953
  • Nikita Khrushchev - USSR 1953-1964
  • Janos Kadar - Hungary 1956-1988
  • Todor Zhivkov - Bulgaria 1956-1989
  • Antonín Novotný - Czechoslovakia 1957-1968
  • Walter Ulbricht - German Democratic Republic 1950-1971
  • Leonid Brezhnev - USSR 1964–1982
  • Nicolae Ceauşescu - Romania 1965–1989
  • Gustáv Husák - Czechoslovakia 1969-1987
  • Erich Honecker - German Democratic Republic 1971-1989
  • Wojciech Jaruzelski - Poland 1981-1990
  • Yuri Andropov - USSR 1982-1984
  • Konstantin Chernenko - USSR 1984-1985
  • Mikhail Gorbachev - USSR 1985-1991

MilitaryEdit

Military dictators who often come to power through a coup d'etat and often wear a military uniform whenever they go into public. North America

  • Victoriano Huerta - Mexico 1913-1914Central America
  • Carlos Castillo Armas - Guatemala 1954–1957
  • Oswaldo López Arellano - Honduras 1963–1971-1972–1975
  • Omar Torrijos - Panama 1968–1981
  • Efraín Ríos Montt - Guatemala 1982–1983
  • Manuel Noriega - Panama 1983–1989

Caribbean

  • Rafael Trujillo - Dominican Republic 1930-1961
  • Paul Magloire - Haiti 1950-1956
  • Fulgencio Batista - Cuba 1952-1959 Military dictator who was pro U.S..

Middle East Asia

  • Abdul Karim Qassem - Iraq 1958–1963
  • Abdul Salam Arif - Iraq 1963–1966
  • Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr - Iraq 1968–1979

Central Asia

  • Ayub Khan - Pakistan 1958–1969
  • Yahya Khan - Pakistan 1969–1971
  • Rahimuddin Khan - Balochistan-Pakistan 1978–1984
  • Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq - Pakistan 1978–1988
  • Hossain Mohammad Ershad - Bangladesh 1982–1990
  • Pervez Musharraf - Pakistan 1999-2008

Far East Asia

  • Tokugawa Ieyasu - Japan 1600-1616 Samurai Shogun of Japan.
  • Park Chung Hee - South Korea 1961–1979
  • Ne Win - Burma 1962–1988
  • Thanom Kittikachorn - Thailand 1963–1973
  • Chun Doo Hwan - South Korea 1980–1988
  • Than Shwe - Burma 1992–current
  • Sonthi Boonyaratglin - Thailand 2006–2008

Europe

  • Oliver Cromwell - Commonwealth of England 1653-1658
  • Miguel Primo de Rivera - Spain 1923–1930
  • Józef Piłsudski - Poland 1926–1935
  • George Papadopoulos - Greece 1967–1973
  • Phaedon Gizikis - Greece 1973-1974

BureaucraticEdit

Dictators who don't fit into any particular philosiphical category and generally stage and control elections to give the delusion of democracy. Europe

  • Slobodan Milošević - Yugoslavia-Serbia 1989-1990 Brutal genocidal dictator.
  • Aleksandr Lukashenko - Belarus 1994-current

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