Kurt Schuschnigg (14 December 1897 – 18 November, 1977), known as Kurt von SchuschniggThe use of the preposition "von" denoted nobility: nobility was abolished in Austria in 1919. until 1919, was an Austrian politician who in 1934 succeeded the assassinated Engelbert Dollfuss as dictator of Austria, as leader of the regime often called Austrofascism. In 1938, he was imprisoned by Nazi Germany in the Anschluss.