12 April 1871 – 29 January 1941) was a Greek military officer and politician, serving as Prime Minister of Greece from 1936 until his death in 1941. He governed constitutionally for the first four months of his tenure, and thereafter as the strongman of the authoritarian 4th of August Regime. On 28 October 1940 he denied an ultimatum imposed by the Italians to surrender Greece to the Axis, thus bringing Greece in WW2.

Ioannis Metaxas 1937 cropped