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António de Oliveira Salazar (born April 28, 1889 in Santa Comba Dão, July 27, 1970 in Lisbon) - Portuguese politician, professor of economics. In the years 1932-1968 he was the prime minister, and also the minister of

finance (1928-1940) and the minister of war (1936-1944). The creator of the so-called New State (Estado Novo), in which he exercised dictatorial power